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The Wantage Mummers

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Mummers - Wantage
Picture courtesy of Oxford Mail
left to right: The Noble Dr Good, Molly, King Alfred and the fallen Beau Slasher

The Wantage Mummers

Background Information

Mumming is a ritual play that is well over a thousand years old. Whilst it is traditionally associated with the Christmas period (Midwinter Solstice), it is said to be linked with pagan rites showing the triumph of life over death (death and resurrection). Indeed, in other parts of the country they are even performed at Easter and All Souls Day (near Samhain).

The word 'Mummer' comes from the German 'Mummerspiel', meaning 'Masked Play' or Masquerade. The principal issues of birth, death, resurrection are pre-Christian and possibly pre-civilization. The principal characters can be traced back through recorded history.

In their present form the plays probably date from the middle ages although nothing was written down (as with any folk traditions), and there are no recorded references before 18thC. They were common in 18/19thC with numerous villages hosting a version of the standard format. The words and theme were learnt verbally (and sometimes kept within families), hence changes to characters through mishearing/misunderstanding (Turkey Snite = Turkish Knight, Jack Finney = Jack Vinney, etc.).

The absence of formal script meant much ad libbing and working in of topical events. Maintaining anonymity of the players seemed to be a key feature and the costumes frequently covered the performers faces or they wore blacking. This may have been to preserve the mystique of the performance or to give the players more freedom of expression. Whatever the origins, villagers thought it bad luck if they could identify a performer.

Links are suggested with the touring groups of players (strolling theatrical companies) popular in Tudor times who invariably performed a play around the legend of St. George fighting and triumphing over evil (symbolised by the dragon). Similar plays exist in other parts of Europe (e.g. Balkans, Romania, etc.).

Principal Characters

For the Wantage Mummers, the principal characters are as follows:

  • Molly (Man/woman) – Whiffler or sweeper – is sometimes Father Xmas
  • King Alfred – Possibly originally St. George, then King George, then localised
  • French Officer - Beau Slasher – in other places Turkish Knight probably older – the traditional Christian enemy – the nearest Muslim country Turkey. St George / Muslim conflict, in the Crusades. French Officer – based on Napoleon, a 'more recent' enemy?
  • Dr. Good – a quack doctor or faith healer? Now called Dr. Squires
  • Jack Vinney – based on Jean Vianney, the French catholic priest – a mystic from Spain (mistaken for France?)
  • Happy Jack – the beggar collecting the money for the performance
  • Old Father Beelzebub – the name derives from a powerful evil sprit but is probably used here in an ironic sense for a kind of soothsayer role.

The Play

The play involves a fight scene in which first King Alfred is 'killed' by Beau Slasher. After being brought back to life by the The Noble Dr Good, the two fight again.  This time it is the turn of Beau Slasher to die. He too is brought back to life. The play finishes with a dance between the ex-combatants and a monologue by Old Father Beelzebub who comments on the issues of the day.

We have performed the Wantage Mummers Play since 1977, which is based on an old tradition from the nearby village of Steventon that was rediscovered by Max Williams, an Old Boy of The Side.

We perform our play on December 26th. The Icknield Way Morris Men sponsor the Wantage Mummers.


There is now a new web site for the Wantage Mummers:


The Characters
King Alfred
Beau Slasher a bold French officer
Molly an old maid
The Noble Dr Good essentially, a shaman
Jack Vinney with 'Jack in the Green' overtones
Happy Jack ... with wife and children at his back
Old Father Beelzebub Powerful evil spirit - soothsayer; bringer of news and observer of the World



The Wantage
Mummers Song

God bless the master of this house
I hopes he is within
An if he is, praay tell us zo
An we will zoon begin


With hey dum dum, with hey dum dum
With hey dum dum dee derry
Vor we be come this Christmas time
A purpose to be merry

I hopes the mistress is within
A zettin by the vire
A pityin we poor mummers yer
Out in the mud and mire


We dwoant come yer but once a year
An hopes tis no offence
An if it is praay tell us zo
An we will zoon go hence


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